There are five major types of forestry-related offsets currently being discussed as a part of many proposed carbon markets.
- Reforestation Offsets - Carbon sequestered as the result of establishment of trees on lands perviously forested.
Afforestation Offsets - Carbon sequestered as the result of establishment of trees on lands previously used for non-forestry activities.
Forest Management Offsets - Amount of carbon sequestered (additionality) as a result of increased growth rates resulting from prescribed forest management activities (thinning, prescribed fire, TSI, etc.)
Forest Conservation Offsets - Also termed "forest pools". Lands which are managed for sustainability without the primary objective being forest products.
Forest Products Offsets - Carbon placed in long-term storage when the harvested material is placed into product manufacturing channels (lumber, furniture, etc.).